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THE ANALYSIS OF THE COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED PNEUMONIA COURSE IN CHILDREN OF ROSTOV-ON-DON

https://doi.org/10.47093/22187332.2019.1.52-56

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Abstract

Objective - to study the clinical features of community - acquired pneumonia in children of Rostov - on - Don. Materials and methods. To achieve this goal, 261 cases of children aged 1 month to 17 years who were admitted to the hospital with suspected community - acquired pneumonia were analyzed. All patients underwent a thorough analysis of anamnestic data, the results of clinical examination of patients, laboratory diagnostics, and X-ray chest examination. Results. The study showed that the highest incidence of community - acquired pneumonia was observed in children aged 8 to 12 years. Boys get sick more often than girls. More often, pulmonary parenchyma lesions were observed, localized on the right side of 66%, while the bilateral process was registered only in 10%. According to the morphological form, segmental - 42% and focal - 34% lesions were most often registered, polysegmental were 17%, and equity - 1%. The results of X- ray examination of patients allowed to confirm the diagnosis of community - acquired pneumonia in most patients. Conclusion. The most common clinical and morphological form of pneumonia in children remains focal and segmental forms with a high prevalence of right - sided pneumonia.

About the Authors

O. E. Semernik
Rostov State Medical University
Russian Federation


A. A. Lebedenko
Rostov State Medical University
Russian Federation


E. B. Tyurina
Rostov State Medical University
Russian Federation


S. Kh. Luspikayan
Rostov State Medical University
Russian Federation


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ISSN 2218-7332 (Print)
ISSN 2658-3348 (Online)