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Study of the effect of COPD on the quality of life of patients according to the results of the Cat - test in outpatient practice

https://doi.org/10.47093/22187332.2019.1.35-40

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Abstract

The article analyzes the impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on the quality of life of patients according to the results of clinical and instrumental examination and ante - testing using the integral CAT-test.Objective. Study of the effect of COPD on the quality of life in outpatient practice based on the results of the integral CAT-test. Materials and methods. The article analyzes the impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on the quality of life of patients according to the results of clinical and instrumental examination and ante - testing using the integral CAT-test.Results. The primary treatment of patients with a long history of COPD in stages II and III recorded a greater impact of the respiratory component on the quality of life. Because of complex therapy (inhaled bronchodilators and glucocorticosteroids, antibiotics according to indications, non - pharmacological methods of pulmonary rehabilitation, respiratory gymnastics, and school for patients with COPD) during 1 year of follow - up, there were significant changes in the indicators of quality of life. In patients with the sum of scores on the SAT-test up to 20 showed a decrease in the number and severity of clinical symptoms of respiratory status, and the average value of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) remained almost at the same level with a significant improvement in the overall quality of life. In patients with a score of 21 or higher, the FEV1 level after 1 year significantly increased by 12.2%, which is apparently due to a higher level of patient compliance and the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation measures.Conclusion. The results of assessing the impact of different stages of COPD on the quality of life of patients in outpatient practice will improve the monitoring of the course of the disease and optimize the prognosis, state the effectiveness of complex therapy and adjust the dispensary observation plan.

About the Authors

T. M. Levina
N.P. Ogarev National Research Mordovia State University
Russian Federation


M. D. Romanov
N.P. Ogarev National Research Mordovia State University
Russian Federation


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ISSN 2218-7332 (Print)
ISSN 2658-3348 (Online)