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Comparison of cuffless blood pressure measurement using an electrocardiogram monitor with photoplethysmography function with measurement by the Korotkov method: a pilot study

https://doi.org/10.47093/2218-7332.2021.12.1.39-49

Abstract

The aim. To evaluate the reliability of blood pressure (BP) measurement results using a cuffless blood pressure device (CardioQVARK®) in comparison with the values obtained using the Korotkov method.

Materials and methods. An observational cross-sectional study of 50 patients (25 men, mean age 60 ± 14 years) with arterial hypertension was performed. Blood pressure was measured by the Korotkov method as a standard method, and a CardioQVARK® device, made in the form of a smartphone case, was used as a new method. The device records the electrocardiogram and the photoplethysmogram. Based on the parameters of the electrocardiogram and the photoplethysmogram the systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) is calculated. Correlation analysis, Student’s t-test, Bland-Altman method were used for comparing the two methods, the standard deviation of the difference and a 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were calculated.

Results. There were no statistically significant differences in the mean values of SBP and DBP for the two methods. There was a strong direct relationship between SBP (r = 0.976, p < 0.0001) and DBP (r = 0.817, p < 0.0001), measured by two methods. Bias for SBP and DBP measured by the new method was: –0.5 mm Hg (95% CI: –1.7; 0.7) and –0.3 mmHg (95% CI: –1.4; 0.7), respectively. The difference in DBP measurements depended on the blood pressure level (r = 0.302, p = 0.03). The underestimation of DBP values was more pronounced for low blood pressure from 55 to 75 mm Hg. At the time of the study, 13 (26%) patients had an increase in blood pressure. The sensitivity of the new method in detecting arterial hypertension was 77% (95% CI: 46; 95), specificity 100% (95% CI: 91; 100), accuracy 94% (95% CI: 83; 99).

Conclusion. The blood pressure measurement method based on the analysis of the electrocardiogram and photoplethysmogram showed reliable blood pressure measurement results in comparison with the Korotkov method.

About the Authors

N. A. Gogiberidze
Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)
Russian Federation

Nana A. Gogiberidze, Assistant Professor, Department of Cardiology, Functional and Ultrasound Diagnostics

8/2, Trubetskaya str., Moscow, 119991



Z. N. Sagirova
Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)
Russian Federation

Zhanna N. Sagirova, Postgraduate Student, Department of Cardiology, Functional and Ultrasound Diagnostics

8/2, Trubetskaya str., Moscow, 119991

+7 (965) 214-87-77



N. O. Kuznetsova
Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)
Russian Federation

Natalia O. Kuznetsova, Postgraduate Student, Department of Cardiology, Functional and Ultrasound Diagnostics

8/2, Trubetskaya str., Moscow, 119991



D. G. Gognieva
Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)
Russian Federation

Daria G. Gognieva, Assistant Professor, Department of Cardiology, Functional and Ultrasound Diagnostics

8/2, Trubetskaya str., Moscow, 119991



P. Sh. Chomakhidze
Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)
Russian Federation

Petr Sh. Chomakhidze, Dr. of Sci. (Medicine), Professor, Department of Cardiology, Functional and Ultrasound Diagnostics

8/2, Trubetskaya str., Moscow, 119991



H. Saner
ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research, University of Bern; University Clinic for Cardiology, University Hospital Inselspital
Switzerland

Hugo Saner, Dr. of Sci. (Medicine), Research Associate ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research; Senior Consultant

50, Murtenstrasse, Bern, 3008; 18, Freiburgstrasse, Bern, 3010



P. Yu. Kopylov
Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)
Russian Federation

Philipp Yu. Kopylov, Dr. of Sci. (Medicine), Professor, Department of Cardiology, Functional and Ultrasound Diagnostics

8/2, Trubetskaya str., Moscow, 119991



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