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Pulmonary and pleura damage in the process cardiosurgical intervention: etiology, pathogenesis, prevention (Review)

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Pulmonary and pleura damage are one of the most common postoperative complications. The prevalence of pulmonary dysfunction following cardiac surgery is 76%. The risk factors are: preoperative respiratory disease, body mass index over 30 kg/m2, intraoperational heart ice encasing, duration of cardiopulmonary bypass period. From a heart surgeon and pathophysiologist prospective, the paper discusses the mechanisms of lung tissue destruction and patient preparation to reduce the incidence and/severity of complications. The data analysis suggests that this factors should be accounted for when planning the operation to reduce the risk of life-threatening complications.

About the Authors

Yu. V. Belov
Federal State Scientific Institution Petrovsky Russian Scientific Center of Surgery
Russian Federation

P. F. Litvitsky
I.M. Sechenov First MSMU (Sechenov University)
Russian Federation

I. A. Vinokurov
I.M. Sechenov First MSMU (Sechenov University)
Russian Federation


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