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Immediate outcomes of simultaneous and step-by-step reconstruction of aortic dissection: a single-center study

https://doi.org/10.47093/2218-7332.2021.12.1.18-29

Abstract

The aim. To evaluate the immediate outcomes after complete single-stage or step-by-step reconstruction of the primary and secondary distal aortic dissection using implantation of bare metal stents in the thoracoabdominal aorta.

Materials and methods. A prospective study was performed involving 21 patients (19 male) with aortic dissection: 8 had secondary distal dissection (group 1) and 13 had primary distal dissection (group 2). In all patients, indications for intervention were signs of malperfusion in one or more vascular regions. The following factors were evaluated: 30-day survival after surgery, causes of fatal outcomes, frequency and characteristics of non-fatal complications.

Results. The average age in group 1 was 43.0 ± 3.1 years, in group 2: 56.0 ± 3.9 years (p < 0.05). The most common cause of dissection in group 1 was connective tissue dysplasia, in group 2 – atherosclerosis in combination with arterial hypertension (p < 0.05). In group 1, 1 (13%) lethal outcome was registered, in group 2 – 4 (31%), the difference between the groups was not significant. Lethal complications were: multiple organ failure, stent implantation in the false aortic canal, aortic rupture, and thrombosis of the superior mesenteric artery. Non-fatal complications developed in group 1 in 3 (38%), in group 2 – in 3 (23%) patients, the difference between the groups is not significant. Among the non-lethal complications, malperfusion of the upper and lower extremities was diagnosed, requiring stent placement, prosthetics or bypass surgery; cerebrospinal circulation disorder, acute cerebrovascular accident, multiple organ failure, conservatively treated.

Conclusion. The survival rate for 30 days after a complete single-stage or step-by-step reconstruction of the primary and secondary distal aortic dissection using implantation of bare metal stents in the thoracoabdominal aorta is 76%, the frequency of non – fatal complications is 28%.

About the Authors

M. A. Soborov
Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)
Russian Federation

Mark A. Soborov, Cand. of Sci. (Medicine), Associate Professor, Department of Hospital Surgery

8/2, Trubetskaya str., Moscow, 119991



O. V. Kanadashvili
Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)
Russian Federation

Omari V. Kanadashvili, Cand. of Sci. (Medicine), Associate Professor, Department of Hospital Surgery

8/2, Trubetskaya str., Moscow, 119991



E. N. Belykh
Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)
Russian Federation

Elena N. Belykh, Cand. of Sci. (Medicine), Associate Professor, Department of Hospital Surgery

8/2, Trubetskaya str., Moscow, 119991



K. S. Baranov
Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)
Russian Federation

Kirill S. Baranov, student, N.V. Sklifosovsky Institute of Clinical Medicine

8/2, Trubetskaya str., Moscow, 119991



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ISSN 2218-7332 (Print)
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